Consortium on the Causes and Prevention of Violence
The Consortium on the Causes and the Prevention of Violence is a four year grant funded by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania’s Department of Health and started in summer of 2008.
- Rolf Loeber, PhD, Principal Investigator
- Jeffrey D. Burke, PhD, Co- Principal Investigator
- Magda Stouthamer-Loeber, PhD, Co- Investigator
- Dustin Pardini, PhD, Co- Investigator
- Mary Phillips, PhD, Co- Investigator
- Vishwajit L. Nimgaonkar, MD, PhD, Co- Investigator
- Bernie Devlin, PhD, Co- Investigator
- Kodavali V. Chowdari, PhD, Co- Investigator
This consortium focuses on:
- (a) Biological factors (genetic predictors and brain function) relating to male aggression/violence in the Pittsburgh Youth Study (PYS) in the context of known environmental factors.
- (b) Evaluation of a promising treatment (SNAP – Stop Now And Plan) of young boys below the age of twelve at risk for violence on behavioral change and brain function as identified in (a).
Among the strengths of the consortium is the availability of extensive data from the PYS, which is one of the most extensive longitudinal data sets in the U.S. on violence and its environmental causes from childhood to early adulthood (Loeber et al., 2005; Loeber, Farrington et al., in press). The study consists of 1,009 young men who will be followed up once more as part of this proposal for the collection of biological data. Another strength is the availability of a recently founded structure (the SNAP Oversight Committee) to oversee and largely fund the implementation of the SNAP treatment for boys (N=252) under age 12 at risk for violence. Finally, this proposal brings together experts on biological factors (genes and brain function) with experts on environmental factors and the treatment of children at risk for violence.
This project will generate crucial new information regarding the causes and prevention of violence. We will produce an explanatory model of the interaction between environmental risk factors and genetic factors for violence, with the further advantage of specifying the links from genetics to brain function and violence.
We will address health disparities by implementing the treatment in three communities with varying environmental risk and minority population levels to examine environmental and racial mediators to treatment outcomes. We will establish a network of community agencies (namely Auberle Development, Holy Family Social Services, and Community Care Behavioral Health) to create and disseminate behavioral health information for families in the community. Finally, we will provide training opportunities at a variety of levels for African American researchers.
For more information, please contact:
Academic: Jeffrey D. Burke, Ph.D.