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How Diagnosis is Made DSM-5 Criteria

DIAGNOSTIC AND STATISTICAL MANUAL OF MENTAL DISORDERS
 

DSM-5 UPDATE

Large DSM-V Study Suggests Most Children Will Keep ASD Diagnosis

 

DSM-5 Criteria

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Diagnostic criteria for 299.00

  • Persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction:
  1. Deficits in social-emotional reciprocity, ranging from abnormal social approach and failure of normal back-and-forth conversation; to reduced sharing of interests, emotions or affect; to failure to initiate or respond to social interactions
  2. Deficits in nonverbal communicative behaviors used for social interaction from abnormalties in eye contact to a total lack of facial expressions and nonverbal communication
  3. Deficits in developing, maintaining and understanding relationships from difficulty adjusting behavior to various social contexts to absence of interest in peers.
  •   Restricted repetitive  patterns of behavior, interests, and activities:
     
  1. Stereotyped or reptitive motor movements, use of objects or speech (e.g., lining up toys or flipping objects, echolalia, idiosyncratic phrases)
  2. Insistence on sameness, inflexible adherence to routines or ritualized patterns of verbal or nonverbal behavior
  3. Highly restricted, fixated interests that are abnormal in intensity or focus  
  4. Hyper-or hyporeactivity to sensory input or unusual interest in sensory aspects of the environment (e.g. visual fascination with lights or movement)
  • Symptoms must be present in the early developmental period
  • Symptoms cause clinically significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of current functioning
  • These disturbances are not better explained by intellectual disability or global developmental delay. 
  • Intellectual disabilty and autism spectrum disorder frequently co-occur; to make comorbid diagnoses of autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability, social communication should be below that expected for general developmental level

DSM-5 Video Series: Changes to Autism Spectrum Disorder

DSM-5 Autism Spectrum Disorder Fact Sheet

 
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