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The Study of Women's Health Across the Nation


Study of Women’s Health across the Nation (SWAN)

SWAN is a multi-site longitudinal study of mid-life aging in women of diverse ethnic/racial groups.  Over 3000 women were initially enrolled in 1996 and have been followed approximately annually through 2013.  Each site recruited whites and a minority group; University of Pittsburgh recruited 463 black and white women. 

The protocol has included detailed measures of cardiovascular and bone health; pregnancy, medical, and surgical history; questionnaires about symptoms, stress, and life style; a blood draw for reproductive and adrenal hormones and cardiovascular assays, and physical function and cognitive tests.   At the Pittsburgh site, ancillary studies also were conducted to measure subclinical cardiovascular disease, bone mineral density, and psychiatric history.  SWAN maintains a repository of stored specimens that can be used to develop new assays and test novel hypotheses. 

The study has generated more than 300 empirical articles and welcomes new investigators to work with SWAN investigators in understanding how mid-life aging affects women’s health immediately and in the long run.  See www.swanstudy.org for further details. 



 

THANK YOU FOR PARTICIPATING

IN THIS IMPORTANT STUDY!



 



 

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